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Each year, many people obtain their green cards through employment based preferences, giving permanent resident status in the US. The employment based category is divided into five sections: EB-1, EB-2, EB-3, EB-4, and EB-5. Schedule A occupations & National Interest Waivers offer advantages.
This first preference EB1 priority workers category avoids labor certification and is reserved for:
If your occupation is included on Schedule A, it is already established that the employment of foreign workers in such occupations will not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of U.S. workers similarly employed. Therefore, 'Schedule A' foreign workers can obtain a green card without first having to go through the entire labor certification process.
Examine the various categories outlined below because you may well qualify for multiple avenues. Multiple avenues can be simultaneously pursued. Examine the various categories outlined below because you may well qualify for multiple avenues.
Historically, all EB1 categories are usually current thus allowing concurrent filing for adjustment of status to obtain legal permanent residency.
Some categories allow you to self-petition and others require that you have a sponsoring employer. The categories that allow self-petitioning are focusing on individuals who have made an impact in their field and whose accomplishments qualify them for the Extraordinary Ability (EA) category or a National Interest Waiver (NIW).
A labor certification is required in some of the employment-based categories that involve an employer to sponsor. It demonstrates that the U.S. employer attempted but was unable to find a qualified U.S. worker. In usual cases, the employer undergoes what is called a PERM process wherein the employer advertises the position to first identify and consider qualified U.S. Citizens or Permanent Residents seeking employment. If no U.S. worker having the same objective minimum qualifications as the alien is available, a labor certification may be granted.
The EB1 category of visas are an exception to the usual labor certification requirement. For example, Outstanding researchers can avoid the delay of a labor certification. The sponsoring employer is not required to advertise the position. It is an easier category to pursue than the EA or NIW. The visa bulletin shows when and for what countries this visa is currently available.
Each EB1 category (described below) has its own processing time estimation, which is listed below. Additionally, the overall EB1 processing time will depend on other factors, including: